No dog owner wants his dog to suffer from pain, but arthritis is a common dog disease, mainly in the knee, hip, elbow, lumbar spine, hock and so on. The symptoms are all familiar arthritis, joint dysplasia, disc herniation and so on. There are many reasons for joint disease, such as sports injury, disease, infection, etc., but the majority of joint diseases are caused by genetic factors, obesity and excessive exercise.
It is estimated that 20-25% of all dog packs suffer from arthritis. There are about 78 million dogs in the US (according to the ASPCA), and about 15-19 million dogs in the US face the pain of arthritis every day. Here are five common questions about dog arthritis, in hopes of answering some of the questions pet owners may have.

What are the symptoms of
dog arthritis?

After the dog wakes up, its body activity is stiff, and it will return to normal after more than 1 hour.

Paw joints become fat, swollen and painful when touching.

Accompanied by licking a part of the body, may be due to excessive licking and local hair.

Dogs have trouble standing up or squatting any movement, even eating with a slight tremor.

Dogs hesitate when jumping, running, and climbing stairs.

Bad temperament, the dog becomes inexplicable irritability and refuses to approach, even attacking people because of pain.

Because the symptoms of arthritis are similar to those of normal aging, it is a good idea to take your dog to a veterinary clinic if any of these symptoms persist for more than two weeks.

How to Diagnose Dog Arthritis?

You can diagnose arthritis in a dog based on x-rays or clinical symptoms.

X-ray examination:

1) Early X-ray showed thickening of synovial membrane and joint capsule and widening of joint cavity. As the illness aggravates, appear joint damage, the organization around joint is sparse, joint surface is irregular, some show fibrous sex or bone sex joint is strong.
2) Synovial fluid degeneration and leukocytosis were observed in joint puncture, most of which were neutrophils.
3) Bacterial culture can be performed to determine the type of bacterial infection, but it is difficult to detect the results of bacterial culture after antibiotic treatment.

Clinical symptoms:

1) Suffer from joint swelling, heat pain, the accumulation of a large amount of serous, fibrous or purulent exudate in the joint cavity, joint capsule expansion, press there is a sense of fluctuation.
2) Claudication, often accompanied by elevated body temperature; After prolonged treatment, articular cartilage was destroyed, subchondral bone was eroded, bone hyperplasia and synovial membrane were thickened. Later, fibrous or bony joint healing, joint stiffness or dead joints can be developed.

Can Dog Arthritis Be Cured?

Unfortunately, dog arthritis cannot be completely cured, because once your dog's articular cartilage is damaged, it is difficult for it to fully repair itself. However, there are steps you can take to control further deterioration and relieve your dog's arthritis pain.
Let's explain what arthritis is. Simply, arthritis is inflammation of the joints. There are many different types of arthritis. Arthritis in dogs are divided into: rheumatic, rheumatoid, traumatic, osseous and suppurative arthritis. Rheumatism is more common in puppies, appearing in the puppy's limbs; Dog resistance is poor, if it is caused by bacterial invasion, basic can be judged to be "suppurative arthritis", and even accompanied by high fever. Rheumatoid arthritis is more common in adult dogs. The limbs become stiff and deformed. Dogs that exercise too much are prone to traumatic arthritis and osteoarthritis. Middle-aged and old dogs are prone to "degenerative arthritis".
The earlier arthritis is detected in a dog, the better the outcome of treatment. If osteoarthritis progresses, it can be treated later.

Can You Walk a Dog with Arthritis?

One question that is repeatedly asked is if you can walk a dog with arthritis. Fortunately, the answer is yes. Short, consistent walks are beneficial. It can help them maintain muscle mass, avoid becoming overweight, and improve their range of motion. However, there are a few things to keep in mind.

Warm up:

Warm up before going for a walk. Hot towels, health care stones, or a more convenient heating band can be applied directly to your dog's legs. This will make his joints more relaxed, improve muscle flexibility, and reduce pain.

Keep the pace:

Keep the pace of dog and human. Walk slowly and avoid a range of activities that are at risk of stretching, such as running or jumping. Tie them down so you can control the pace.

Choose a comfortable leash:

P-chains or neck restraints are generally not recommended for arthritic dogs as they can reduce pressure on the neck. Try to choose the back of the chest for your dog. Large dogs should pay attention to its sternum when choosing, do not choose too fine, so that its sternum tired out.

Choose aerobic exercise:

In addition, you can also choose some aerobic exercise instead of dog walking. Swimming can have a healing effect on its joints. Wearing a heating brace for physical therapy massage is also very beneficial.

How to Help a Dog with Arthritis?

If you take your dog to a typical vet for arthritis treatment, they may prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. While these all have benefits, they can also have serious downsides and may actually do more harm than good. There are natural remedies we can use to help dogs with arthritis discomfort and pain.


Stretching is a simple and free practice you can do with your pet right in the comfort of your own home to help minimize their joint pain and increase their mobility.

Natural Joint Supplements

Glucosamine and chondroitin supplements can help improve joint mobility and support joint function in arthritic dogs.

Anti-Inflammatory Diet

Nature has many natural anti-inflammatory foods that can combat joint inflammation in arthritic dogs, helping to reduce pain and slow the progression of the disease. Dogs can supplement their diet with sweet potatoes in moderation, as they contain high levels of carotene, which helps fight inflammation. However, dogs should not eat too much because sweet potatoes are high in calcium oxalate.

Weight Management

Overweight dogs need to lose weight. Proper weight can reduce the load on your dog's joints. The best option is to feed your dog good quality food in moderation.

Moderate Exercise

The amount of exercise must be controlled. An exercise plan can be set according to the dog's weight and body shape. Pawrents should accompany their dog to play, walk or run. If possible, try to provide a soft playing area for your dog.


Massage is an easy and effective way to relieve your arthritic dog's pain, especially when paired with heat therapy. Massage and heat therapy help relax tension in their muscles and joints, increasing your dog's flexibility, blood circulation, and happiness.

Alternative therapies

We are pleased to see that in recent years alternative, non-invasive treatments such as hydrotherapy, acupuncture and hyperthermia are being widely used. Heat dilates blood vessels in muscles and tissues, which speeds up the flow of oxygen and nutrients inside, promoting recovery. At the same time, heat therapy can make the muscles and tissues around the joints softer and increase the fluid in the joints, which increases joint flexibility and reduces pain.

Arthritis in dogs can occur for a number of reasons, such as a lack of calcium or other micronutrients during the dog's growth, excessive weight, and injuries caused by excessive exercise. Arthritis in dogs may generally involve depression, anorexia, claudication, redness and swelling of joints, and sometimes exudation or ulceration.

Take your dog to the pet hospital if you notice any abnormalities in the joints. Do home care, such as heat therapy, massage, etc. The use of heating therapy brace can effectively increase local blood circulation and promote metabolism. It can help swelling to subside, facilitate the absorption of local fluid and relieve joint symptoms.